Lipid Classification Scheme

Updated 09/01/06
Fatty Acyls Glycerolipids Glycerophospholipids Sphingolipids Sterol Lipids Prenol Lipids Saccharolipids Polyketides

Fatty Acyls [FA] classes and subclasses

Fatty Acids and Conjugates [FA01]
        Straight chain fatty acids [FA0101]
        Methyl branched fatty acids [FA0102]
        Unsaturated fatty acids [FA0103]
        Hydroperoxy fatty acids [FA0104]
        Hydroxy fatty acids [FA0105]
        Oxo fatty acids [FA0106]
        Epoxy fatty acids [FA0107]
        Methoxy fatty acids [FA0108]
        Halogenated fatty acids [FA0109]
        Amino fatty acids [FA0110]
        Cyano fatty acids [FA0111]
        Nitro fatty acids [FA0112]
        Thia fatty acids [FA0113]
        Carbocyclic fatty acids [FA0114]
        Heterocyclic fatty acids [FA0115]
        Mycolic acids [FA0116]
        Dicarboxylic acids [FA0117]
  
Octadecanoids [FA02] 12-oxophytodienoic acid metabolites [FA0201] jasmonic acids [FA0202]
Eicosanoids [FA03] Prostaglandins [FA0301] Leukotrienes [FA0302] Thromboxanes [FA0303] Lipoxins [FA0304] Hydroxy/hydroperoxyeicosatrienoic acids [FA0305] Hydroxy/hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acids [FA0306] Hydroxy/hydroperoxyeicosapentaenoic acids [FA0307] Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids [FA0308] Hepoxilins [FA0309] Levuglandins [FA0310] Isoprostanes [FA0311] Clavulones and derivatives [FA0312]
Docosanoids [FA04]
Fatty alcohols [FA05]
Fatty aldehydes [FA06]
Fatty esters [FA07] Wax monoesters [FA0701] Wax diesters [FA0702] Cyano esters [FA0703] Lactones [FA0704] Fatty acyl CoAs [FA0705] Fatty acyl ACPs [FA0706] Fatty acyl carnitines [FA0707] Fatty acyl adenylates [FA0708]
Fatty amides [FA08] Primary amides [FA0801] N-acyl amines [FA0802] Fatty acyl homoserine lactones [FA0803] N-acyl ethanolamines (endocannabinoids) [FA0804]
Fatty nitriles [FA09]
Fatty ethers [FA10]
hydrocarbons [FA11]
Oxygenated hydrocarbons [FA12]
Other [FA00]

Glycerolipids [GL] classes and subclasses

Monoradylglycerols [GL01]
        Monoacylglycerols [GL0101]
        Monoalkylglycerols [GL0102]
        Mono-(1Z-alkenyl)-glycerols [GL0103]
  
Diradylglycerols [GL02] Diacylglycerols [GL0201] Alkylacylglycerols [GL0202] Dialkylglycerols [GL0203] 1Z-alkenylacylglycerols [GL0204] Di-glycerol tetraethers [GL0205] Di-glycerol tetraether glycans [GL0206]
Triradylglycerols [GL03] Triacylglycerols [GL0301] Alkyldiacylglycerols [GL0302] Dialkylmonoacylglycerols [GL0303] 1Z-alkenyldiacylglycerols [GL0304] Estolides [GL0305]
Glycosylmonoradylglycerols [GL04] Glycosylmonoacylglycerols [GL0401] Glycosylmonoalkylglycerols [GL0402]
Glycosyldiradylglycerols [GL05] Glycosyldiacylglycerols [GL0501] Glycosylalkylacylglycerols [GL0502] Glycosyldialkylglycerols [GL0503]
Other [GL00]

Glycerophospholipids [GP] classes and subclasses

Glycerophosphocholines [GP01]
        Diacylglycerophosphocholines [GP0101]
        1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphocholines [GP0102]
        1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphocholines [GP0103]
        Dialkylglycerophosphocholines [GP0104]
        Monoacylglycerophosphocholines [GP0105]
        1-alkyl glycerophosphocholines [GP0106]
        1Z-alkenylglycerophosphocholines [GP0107]
  
Glycerophosphoethanolamines [GP02] Diacylglycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0201] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0202] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0203] Dialkylglycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0204] Monoacylglycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0205] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0206] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoethanolamines [GP0207]
Glycerophosphoserines [GP03] Diacylglycerophosphoserines [GP0301] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoserines [GP0302] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoserines [GP0303] Dialkylglycerophosphoserines [GP0304] Monoacylglycerophosphoserines [GP0305] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoserines [GP0306] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoserines [GP0307]
Glycerophosphoglycerols [GP04] Diacylglycerophosphoglycerols [GP0401] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerols [GP0402] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerols [GP0403] Dialkylglycerophosphoglycerols [GP0404] Monoacylglycerophosphoglycerols [GP0405] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoglycerols [GP0406] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoglycerols [GP0407] Diacylglycerophosphodiradylglycerols [GP0408] Diacylglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP0409] Monoacylglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP0410]
Glycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP05] Diacylglycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0501] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0502] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0503] Dialkylglycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0504] Monoacylglycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0505] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0506] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoglycerophosphates [GP0507]
Glycerophosphoinositols [GP06] Diacylglycerophosphoinositols [GP0601] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositols [GP0602] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositols [GP0603] Dialkylglycerophosphoinositols [GP0604] Monoacylglycerophosphoinositols [GP0605] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoinositols [GP0606] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoinositols [GP0607]
Glycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP07] Diacylglycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0701] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0702] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0703] Dialkylglycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0704] Monoacylglycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0705] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0706] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoinositol monophosphates [GP0707]
Glycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP08] Diacylglycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP0801] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP0802] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP0803] Monoacylglycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP0804] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP0805] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoinositol bisphosphates [GP0806]
Glycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP09] Diacylglycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP0901] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP0902] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP0903] Monoacylglycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP0904] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP0905] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoinositol trisphosphates [GP0906]
Glycerophosphates [GP10] Diacylglycerophosphates [GP1001] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphates [GP1002] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphates [GP1003] Dialkylglycerophosphates [GP1004] Monoacylglycerophosphates [GP1005] 1-alkyl glycerophosphates [GP1006] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphates [GP1007]
Glyceropyrophosphates [GP11] Diacylglyceropyrophosphates [GP1101] Monoacylglyceropyrophosphates [GP1102]
Glycerophosphoglycerophosphoglycerols (Cardiolipins) [GP12] Diacylglycerophosphoglycerophosphodiradylglycerols [GP1201] Diacylglycerophosphoglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP1202] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerophosphodiradylglycerols [GP1203] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP1204] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerophosphodiradylglycerols [GP1205] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP1206] Monoacylglycerophosphoglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP1207] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoglycerophosphodiradylglycerols [GP1208] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP1209] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoglycerophosphodiradylglycerols [GP1210] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoglycerophosphomonoradylglycerols [GP1211]
CDP-Glycerols [GP13] CDP-diacylglycerols [GP1301] CDP-1-alkyl,2-acylglycerols [GP1302] CDP-1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerols [GP1303] CDP-Dialkylglycerols [GP1304] CDP-Monoacylglycerols [GP1305] CDP-1-alkyl glycerols [GP1306] CDP-1Z-alkenylglycerols [GP1307]
Glycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP14] Diacylglycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP1401] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP1402] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP1403] Monoacylglycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP1404] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP1405] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoglucose lipids [GP1406]
Glycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP15] Diacylglycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP1501] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP1502] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP1503] Monoacylglycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP1504] 1-alkyl glycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP1505] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphoinositolglycans [GP1506]
Glycerophosphonocholines [GP16] Diacylglycerophosphonocholines [GP1601] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphonocholines [GP1602] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphonocholines [GP1603] Dialkylglycerophosphonocholines [GP1604] Monoacylglycerophosphonocholines [GP1605] 1-alkyl glycerophosphonocholines [GP1606] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphonocholines [GP1607]
Glycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP17] Diacylglycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1701] 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1702] 1Z-alkenyl,2-acylglycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1703] Dialkylglycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1704] Monoacylglycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1705] 1-alkyl glycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1706] 1Z-alkenylglycerophosphonoethanolamines [GP1707]
Di-glycerol tetraether phospholipids (caldarchaeols) [GP18]
Glycerol-nonitol tetraether phospholipids [GP19]
Oxidized glycerophospholipids [GP20]
Other [GP00]

Sphingolipids [SP] classes and subclasses

Sphingoid bases [SP01]
        Sphing-4-enines (Sphingosines) [SP0101]
        Sphinganines [SP0102]
        4-Hydroxysphinganines (Phytosphingosines) [SP0103]
        Sphingoid base homologs and variants [SP0104]
        Sphingoid base 1-phosphates [SP0105]
        Lysosphingomyelins and lysoglycosphingolipids [SP0106]
        N-methylated sphingoid bases [SP0107]
        Sphingoid base analogs [SP0108]
  
Ceramides [SP02] N-acylsphingosines (ceramides) [SP0201] N-acylsphinganines (dihydroceramides) [SP0202] N-acyl-4-hydroxysphinganines (phytoceramides) [SP0203] Acylceramides [SP0204] Ceramide 1-phosphates [SP0205]
Phosphosphingolipids [SP03] Ceramide phosphocholines (sphingomyelins) [SP0301] Ceramide phosphoethanolamines [SP0302] Ceramide phosphoinositols [SP0303]
Phosphonosphingolipids [SP04]
Neutral glycosphingolipids [SP05] Simple Glc series (GlcCer, LacCer, etc) [SP0501] GalNAcb1-3Gala1-4Galb1-4Glc- (Globo series) [SP0502] GalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc- (Ganglio series) [SP0503] Galb1-3GlcNAcb1-3Galb1-4Glc- (Lacto series) [SP0504] Galb1-4GlcNAcb1-3Galb1-4Glc- (Neolacto series) [SP0505] GalNAcb1-3Gala1-3Galb1-4Glc- (Isoglobo series) [SP0506] GlcNAcb1-2Mana1-3Manb1-4Glc- (Mollu series) [SP0507] GalNAcb1-4GlcNAcb1-3Manb1-4Glc- (Arthro series) [SP0508] Gal- (Gala series) [SP0509] Other [SP0510]
Acidic glycosphingolipids [SP06] Gangliosides [SP0601] Sulfoglycosphingolipids (sulfatides) [SP0602] Glucuronosphingolipids [SP0603] Phosphoglycosphingolipids [SP0604] Other [SP0600]
Basic glycosphingolipids [SP07]
Amphoteric glycosphingolipids [SP08]
Arsenosphingolipids [SP09]
Other [SP00]

Sterol Lipids [ST] classes and subclasses

Sterols [ST01]
        Cholesterol and derivatives [ST0101]
        Cholesteryl esters [ST0102]
        Ergosterols and C24-methyl derivatives [ST0103]
        Stigmasterols and C24-ethyl derivatives [ST0104]
        C24-propyl sterols and derivatives [ST0105]
        Gorgosterols and derivatives [ST0106]
        Furostanols and derivatives [ST0107]
        Spirostanols and derivatives [ST0108]
        Furospirostanols and derivatives [ST0109]
        Cycloartanols and derivatives [ST0110]
        Calysterols and derivatives [ST0111]
        Cardanolides and derivatives [ST0112]
        Bufanolides and derivatives [ST0113]
        Brassinolides and derivatives [ST0114]
        Solanidines and alkaloid derivatives  [ST0115]
  
Steroids [ST02] C18 steroids (estrogens) and derivatives [ST0201] C19 steroids (androgens) and derivatives [ST0202] C21 steroids (gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins) and derivatives [ST0203]
Secosteroids [ST03] Vitamin D2 and derivatives [ST0301] Vitamin D3 and derivatives [ST0302] Vitamin D4 and derivatives [ST0303] Vitamin D5 and derivatives [ST0304] Vitamin D6 and derivatives [ST0305] Vitamin D7 and derivatives [ST0306]
Bile acids and derivatives [ST04] C22 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0405] C23 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0406] C24 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0401] C25 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0407] C26 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0402] C27 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0403] C28 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0404] C29 bile acids, alcohols, and derivatives [ST0408]
Steroid conjugates [ST05] Glucuronides [ST0501] Sulfates [ST0502] Glycine conjugates [ST0503] Taurine conjugates [ST0504]
Other [ST00]

Prenol Lipids [PR] classes and subclasses

Isoprenoids [PR01]
        C5 isoprenoids [PR0101]
        C10 isoprenoids (monoterpenes) [PR0102]
        C15 isoprenoids (sesquiterpenes) [PR0103]
        C20 isoprenoids (diterpenes) [PR0104]
        C25 isoprenoids (sesterterpenes) [PR0105]
        C30 isoprenoids (triterpenes) [PR0106]
        C40 isoprenoids (tetraterpenes) [PR0107]
        Polyterpenes [PR0108]
        Retinoids [PR0109]
  
Quinones and hydroquinones [PR02] Ubiquinones [PR0201] Vitamin E [PR0202] Vitamin K [PR0203]
Polyprenols [PR03] Bactoprenols [PR0301] Bactoprenol monophosphates [PR0302] Bactoprenol diphosphates [PR0303] Phytoprenols [PR0304] Phytoprenol monophosphates [PR0305] Phytoprenol diphosphates [PR0306] Dolichols [PR0307] Dolichol monophosphates [PR0308] Dolichol diphosphates [PR0309]
Hopanoids [PR04]
Other [PR00]

Saccharolipids [SL] classes and subclasses

Acylaminosugars [SL01]
        Monoacylaminosugars [SL0101]
        Diacylaminosugars [SL0102]
        Triacylaminosugars [SL0103]
        Tetraacylaminosugars [SL0104]
        Pentaacylaminosugars [SL0105]
        Hexaacylaminosugars [SL0106]
        Heptaacylaminosugars [SL0107]
  
Acylaminosugar glycans [SL02]
Acyltrehaloses [SL03]
Acyltrehalose glycans [SL04]
Other [SL00]

Polyketides [PK] classes and subclasses

Macrolide polyketides [PK01]
  
Aromatic polyketides [PK02]
Non-ribosomal peptide/polyketide hybrids [PK03]
Other [PK00]

Reference: A comprehensive classification system for lipids Journal of Lipid Research, Vol. 46, 839-862, May 2005.
Snap-shots of previous versions of the LIPID MAPS classification scheme can be accessed from our Lipid Classification Scheme Archive

logo LIPID MAPS is funded by a grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health.